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Landscape Architecture

Last Updated On: 10-12-2023


The Architect is required to provide services in respect of the following:

1.1 Site appraisal and suitability.

1.2 Site planning.

1.3 Landform and grading.

1.4 Surface drainage design and water management.

1.5 Irrigation design.

1.6 Open space design - hard and soft areas.

1.7 Planting design.

1.8 Landscape structures and features.

1.9 Garden Furniture design.

1.10 Illumination design.

1.11 Graphic design and signage.

1.12 Co-ordination of external services.

1.13 Periodic inspection and evaluation of works at site.


The Architect shall, after taking instructions from the Client, render the following services :


2.01 Carry out site analysis and furnish a site appraisal report with regard to the potential of the site vis-à-vis activities.

2.02 Prepare drawings and documents to enable the Client to get done the detailed survey and soil investigation at the site of the project.

2.03 Furnish preliminary scheme for site planning.

2.04 Prepare conceptual landscape design with reference to requirements given and prepare rough estimate of cost on area basis.


2.05 Modify the conceptual design incorporating required changes and prepare the preliminary drawings, sketches, etc. for the Client's approval along with preliminary estimate of cost on area basis.


2.06 Prepare drawings necessary for Client's/ statutory approvals and ensure compliance with codes, standards and legislation, as applicable and assist the Client in obtaining the statutory approvals thereof, if required.


2.07 Prepare working drawings, specifications and schedule of quantities sufficient to prepare estimate of cost and tender documents including code of practice covering aspects like mode of measurement, method of payments, quality control procedures on materials & works and other conditions of contract.


2.08 Invite, receive and analyse tenders ; advise Client on appointment of contractors.


2.09 Prepare and issue working drawings and details for proper execution of works during construction.

2.10 Approve samples of various elements and components.

2.11 Check and approve shop drawings submitted by the contractor/ vendors.

2.12 Visit the site of work, at intervals mutually agreed upon, to inspect and evaluate the Construction Works and where necessary clarify any decision, offer interpretation of the drawings/specifications, attend conferences and meetings to ensure that the project proceeds generally in accordance with the conditions of contract and keep the Client informed and render advice on actions, if required.

2.13 In order to ensure that the work at site proceeds in accordance with the contract documents/ drawings and to exercise time and quality controls, the day-to-day supervision will be carried out by a Construction Manager (Clerk of Works/ Site Supervisor or Construction Management Agency in case of a large and complex project), who shall work under the guidance and direction of the Architect and shall be appointed and paid by the Client.

2.14 Issue Certificate of Virtual Completion of Civil Works and plantation.


2.15 Prepare and submit completion reports and drawings for the project as required and assist the Client in obtaining "Completion / Occupancy Certificate" from statutory authorities, wherever required.

2.16 Issue two sets of as built drawings including services, structures and plantation.


3.01 In consideration of the professional services rendered by the Architect, he shall be paid professional fee and other charges in accordance with the Scale of Charges.

3.02 Any tax levied by law, such as Service tax, etc. contingent to professional services rendered by the Architect, shall be payable by the Client, over and above the gross fees charged by the Architect in relation to the services provided.


The Architect shall be paid professional fee in the following stages consistent with the work done plus other charges and reimbursable expenses as agreed upon.

On appointment/ Signing of Agreement/ Acceptance of offer.

Rs. 20M* or 5% of the total fees payable, whichever is
higher, adjustable at the last stage.

Stage 1
On submitting conceptual designs and rough estimate of

10% of the total fees payable.

Stage 2
On submitting the required preliminary scheme for the
Client's approval along with the preliminary estimate of cost.

20% of the total fees payable less payment already made at
Stage 1.

Stage 3
On incorporating Client's suggestions and
submitting drawings for obtaining approval from the Client/
statutory authorities, if required.

35% of the total fees less payment already made at Stages
1 and 2.

Stage 4
Upon statutory approval, if required and preparation of 
working drawings, specifications and schedule of quantities
sufficient to prepare estimate of cost and preparation of 
tender documents.

45% of the total fees payable less payment already made at
Stages 1 to 3.

Stage 5
On inviting, receiving and analysing tenders; advising Client
on appointment of contractors.

55% of the total fees payable less payment already made at
Stages 1 to 4.

Stage 6

On submitting working drawings and details required for commencement of work at site.

1.      On completion of 20% of the work

2.      On completion of 40% of the work

3.      On completion of 60% of the work

4.      On completion of 80% of the work

5.      On Virtual Completion

65% of the total fees less payment already made at
Stages 1 to 5. 

70% of the total fees payable less payment already made at 
Stages 1 to 6a. 
75% of the total fees payable less payment already made at
Stages 1 to 6b(i). 
80% of the total fees payable less payment already made at
Stages 1 to 6b(ii). 
85% of the total fees payable less payment already made at
Stages 1 to 6b(iii). 
90% of the total fees payable less payment already made at
Stages 1 to 6b(iv).

Stage 7
On submitting Completion Report and drawings for issuance
of completion/ occupancy certificate by statutory
authorities,wherever required and on issue of as built

100% of the fees payable less payment already made at
various stages and retainer.


5.1 The fee payable to the Architect shall be computed on the actual cost of works on completion. The payment due to the Architect at different stages be computed on the following basis :
5.1.1 At Retainer : On rough estimate of cost.

5.1.2 At Stage 1 : On rough estimate of cost.

5.1.3 At Stages 2 to 4 : On preliminary estimate of cost.

5.1.4 At Stages 5 to 6b : Accepted tender cost.

5.1.5 At Stage 7 : Actual total cost.

5.2 Progressive, on account, payments shall be made by the Client to the Architect against any of the above stages based on the quantum of work done during that stage, as may be mutually agreed to between the Client and the Architect.

5.3 No deduction shall be made from the fee of the Architect on account of penalty, liquidated damages, part rates or other sums withheld from payment or recovered from contractors/ suppliers.

5.4 When the work is executed wholly or in part with old materials or labour or carriage is provided by the Client, the percentage fees shall be calculated as if the work had been executed wholly by the contractor supplying all labour and new materials.

5.5 The actual cost of the completed works shall include cost of execution of assigned works, referred to in Scope of Work and also the cost of equipment & machinery such as Pumps & Motors, etc. but excluding the cost of land.


Apart from the professional fee, the Client shall pay to the Architect Documentation and Communication charges, @ 10% of the professional fee payable to the Architect at all stages.


In addition to the amounts reimbursable against site visits by the Architect/ Consultant, the Client will reimburse the Architect the following expenses incurred by him for discharge of his obligations:

7.01 Actual cost of travel (to & fro), boarding & lodging and local transport for any visit made by his staff to the site or such other place as may be necessary in connection with the execution of work and in connection with the performance of duties referred to in this agreement.

7.02 Cost of presentation models, computer simulation, presentation drawings, etc., prepared at the instance of the Client for purposes other than the Design and execution of the project.


The Client shall discharge all his obligations connected with the project and engagement of the Architect, as follows:

8.01 To provide detailed requirements of the project.

8.02 To provide property lease/ ownership documents.

8.03 To provide a site plan, to a suitable scale, showing boundaries, contours at suitable intervals, existing physical features including any existing roads, paths, trees, existing structures, existing service and utility lines and such lines to which the proposed service can be connected. In case such information is not readily available, the Client shall arrange for the survey collection of necessary information and pay for the same.

8.04 To furnish reports on soil conditions and soil test as required by the Architect.

8.05 To furnish specific conditions/Statutory stipulations/ Codes of Practice/Schedule of rates, etc., desired to be followed.

8.06 To pay all the fees, levies, security deposits and expenses in respect of statutory sanction.

8.07 To give effect to the professional advice of the Architect and cause no changes in the drawings and documents without the consent of the Architect.

8.08 To honour Architect's bills within one month of its submission.

8.09 To appoint a Construction Manager (Clerk of Works/ Site Supervisor or Construction Management Agency in case of a large and complex project) as per the Architect's advice.


9.01 The Architect shall keep the Client informed about the progress of work in his office.

9.02 The Architect shall appoint specialised consultants in consultation with the Client, if necessary.

9.03 The Architect shall be responsible for the direction and integration of the consultants work. The consultants, however, shall be fully responsible for the calculations, the detailed design and periodic inspection and evaluation of the work entrusted to them. The Architect shall, if requested, make available the design calculations.

9.04 The Architect will advise the Client on the Time Schedule (Bar Chart/PERT/ CPM Network) prepared by the contractors for the completion of work, if required.

9.05 The Architect shall supply to the Client, free of cost, upto six sets of drawings at different stages.

9.06 The Architect shall not make any deviations, alterations or omissions from the approved drawings, involving financial implications without prior consent of the Client.

9.07 Any professional services to be rendered by the Architect at the instance of the Client after the agreed project completion period shall be compensated for on mutually agreed terms.

9.08 The Architect shall exercise all reasonable skill, care and diligence in the discharge of his duties and shall exercise such general superintendence and inspection as may be necessary to ensure that works are being executed in accordance with the Conditions of Contract.

9.09 Any revision in the drawings, tenders and documents, once approved, required to be made by the Client shall be compensated as additional services rendered by the Architect and paid for @ 50% of the fee prescribed for the relevant stage(s).

9.10 No change shall be made in the approved drawings and specifications at site without the consent of the Architect.

9.11 Any curtailment of the professional services, beyond Stage 2, shall make it obligatory for the client to pay at least 20% of the fee for the remaining stage(s) of the curtailment work/ services.


The Architect shall, in consultation with the Client, prepare a Time Schedule in respect of various services to be rendered and discharge of client's obligations.


In the event that a claim or suit is brought against the Architect or the Consultants by any third party for damages arising from personal injury or property damage caused wholly by the Client, or anyone employed by the Client, or anyone for whose acts the Client may be held responsible, then the Client shall indemnify the Architect and fully reimburse any loss, damage or expenses, including the attorney's fees, which the Architect may incur in connection therewith.


Architectural design is an intellectual property of the Architect. The drawings, specifications, documents and models as instruments of service are the property of the Architect whether the project, for which they are made, is executed or not. The Client shall retain copies of the Architect's models, drawings, specifications and other documents for his information and use in connection with the project. These shall not be used for any other project by the Client or the Architect or any other person, except for the repetition as stipulated in the Scale of Charges.


13.1 Agreement between the Architect and the Client may be terminated by either one giving the other a written notice of not less than 30 (thirty) days, should either fail substantially to perform his part of responsibilities/ duties, so long as the failure is not caused by the one initiating the termination.

13.2 When termination of this Agreement is not related or attributable, directly or indirectly to any act, omission, neglect or default on the part of the Architect, the Architect shall be entitled to professional fees as stipulated under Clause 4 and sub-clauses 9.09 & 9.11 of Clause 9.

13.3 In the event of Architect's firm closing its business or the Client having terminated the agreement, the Client shall have the right to employ another Architect to complete the work, after making payment to the previous architect's firm.


In case of any ambiguity or difficulty in the interpretation of the Conditions of Engagement and Scale of Charges, the interpretation of the Council of Architecture shall be final and binding on the Architect and the Client.


All disputes or differences which may arise between the Client and the Architect under "Conditions of Engagement and Scale of Charges" with regard to the meaning or interpretation or matter or things done or to be done in pursuance hereof, such disputes and differences shall be referred for arbitration to the Council of Architecture. The arbitrator shall be appointed by the President, Council of Architecture. The arbitration shall be conducted as per the provisions of the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996. The decision and award of the arbitrator shall be final and binding on the Architect and the Client.